chapter  1
14 Pages

The Matter of Method

THE WORLD of the mid-twentieth century is one in which two-thirds of mankind live in want. Poverty is, of course, nothing new: most of the people who have ever lived have probably been poor. Yet the problem of want in the contemporary world wears a different face, and even the occupational skepticism of the historian cannot avail against the need to recognize its newness. Poverty today is accompanied by a multi-national consciousness of its existence, by the beginnings of an organized will to alleviate it, and by the availability of the means of success. The means are a growing body of scientific knowledge and the widening technology that rests upon it, including not only machinery and processes, but techniques for the organization and management of human and other resources.