Rising Family and Community Violence
The evidence reviewed in the previous chapter demonstrates that politically motivated violence declined between the birth of the children in 1990 and the time they reached age five. Unfortunately, the demise of political turmoil did not usher in a new era of tranquillity and peace. To the contrary, a pervasive sense of danger persisted, sweeping over many communities as citizens confronted new threats to their safety. The forms of these new threats ranged from fears about the mobilization of Afrikaner resistance to the new government, interethnic conflict motivated by economic competition, widespread criminal activity, and youth-related violence. The impact of these emerging threats to citizens' safety were often not felt as directly as through crime victimization, for example, but they came in the form of subjective and ambient danger fed by worry over coming face-toface with harm and violence.