chapter  6
27 Pages

Revolution, War Communism, and the Aftermath

The USSR's first decade exhibits a contradictory but successful state capitalist development. In contrast, the Bolsheviks believed that they were establishing and developing a socialist society en route to communism. Actually, as we propose to show, having become the new Soviet state, the Bolsheviks installed a subset of themselves as the appropriators and distributors of the surplus produced by workers in Soviet industry. They did not do the same in agriculture. There Soviet policies enabled a vast and growing mass of private ancient producers to prevail, although they were soon joined by limited numbers of sinall private capitalist farmers. Finally, Bolshevik plans to socialize housework (and thereby eliminate production inside individual households) were never realized. Hence the Soviet state did little to disturb the dominance of the feudal and ancient household class structures (we discuss the limited experiments with communist class structures inside a few household "communes" in chapter 7).