Deconstructing the constructive professions
In England, the middle years of the seventeenth century were a time of revolution. By the 1790s, the English landscape style, launched by Temple, had passed its zenith. In that year, while England, Holland, Spain, Portugal and the Holy Roman Empire joined forces against revolutionary France, three English country squires advanced a gardening revolution. Eclecticism, based on the reuse of ancient styles, became the leading characteristic of nineteenth century gardens. After a century of exotic plants and eclectic styles, there was an understandable call for purism in gardens. As it came from the Arts and Crafts movement, the author believes the results of this call as the Arts and Crafts style. In Britain, where there was little scope to retreat from modernism, the ground was fertile for postmodern gardens. Even more than individual ideas and local ideas, structuralism is the force that will guide the garden revolution of the 1990s. Structuralism can infuse gardens with post-postmodern ideas and beliefs.