chapter  1
Ethnicity and Hui history
Pages 10

This study traces the history of the Muslim ethnic group known in China today as the Hui (Huizu @J1it) as it has developed, changed and been recreated over the last eight hundred years of Chinese history. Economic and social organisation are considered as well as the religious activities that are the clearest indicators of Hui identity although these frequently overlap. A number of themes run through the study: the distinctiveness of Hui history or society in comparison with both the majority Han population and other Muslim ethnic groups; the role of Islam and other aspects of their tradition which define them as Hui; the continuity of Hui identity and its persistence for so many centuries in the face of pressure to conform to a panChinese norm.