chapter  2
China and Islam before the Ming Dynasty
Pages 16

Contemporary scholarship in China emphasises the distinctive nature of Hui history after the Yuan dynasty, compared with the communities of Muslims who were in China from the Tang dynasty onwards. This is particularly true of scholars whose interest is in the Hui communities of northwestern China, but is more general now that responsibility for research and publishing on the Hui has been given to organisations such as the Ningxia Academy of Social Sciences in Ymchuan. It is nevertheless the case that the newcomers who arrived during the Mongol conquest of China gradually absorbed the smaller existing Muslim communities so a survey of the earliest Muslims in China is appropriate.