chapter  2
18 Pages

Understanding the New Order

This chapter reviews the alternative approaches that scholars have used to explain the New Order's economic policy decisions. It focuses on four main sets of approaches: 'behaviouralist' approaches, 'state interests' approaches, 'post-statist' approaches, and 'class- based' approaches. The chapter describes 'behaviouralist' approaches on the grounds that they divest the New Order of its economic and social dimensions and post- statist approaches on the grounds that they ignore the structural power of capital. It attempts by class-based and state interests theorists to develop exclusive instrumentalist, structuralist or state-centred analyses of the New Order. In addition to emasculating the political parties, the New Order also established a series of closely monitored corporatist organisations for various class and interest-based groups within Indonesian society. The strength of the instrumentalist approach is that it reveals the way in which some capitalists were able to exert direct control over the policy- making process in New Order Indonesia.