The manners and graces of chivalry never entered into, or formed part of, the civilization of the ancient polities. In the age of chivalry woman held a high position in the social scale-at least equal to man. For her sake its greatest achievements were performed and the most romantic adventures undertaken; she even became an object of veneration. Moreover, the Roman was stern and unamiable, by no means fond of adventure-priding himself in pursuing a straight and unflinching line of duty; was eminently patriotic, doing everything for the public good and the honour of his country. The knight of the ages of chivalry was fond of strange and romantic adventure was attached to his chief or lord; everything poetic charmed him; he was softened and refined by the graces of woman, and a patron of the troubadour. The great hammer-wielder, their god of thunder, comparable with the great Jove of classical mythology.