THE ORIGIN OF CHIVALRY
Chivalry is derived from the French word 'cheval,' a horse, and meant that part of an army or array of soldiers that was accustomed to ride on horseback; they were called the cavalry, and constituted in medire val warfare the strongest arm of military defence. 'Chivalry,' wrote M. Ie Marquis de Varenne,' the exercises of which were the image of war, rendered horsemanship a new art, always indispensable in the education of the nobility; and chevalier soon became synonymous with a man of good birth.' A youth, both in Northern as well as in Central Europe, also in Scandinavia and Germany, at the age of fifteen became an independent agent by receiving a sword, a buckler, and a lance at some public meeting. In the beginning it was distinctly associated with the military profession, and always in the heat of combat or in its semblances were the most notable and impressive deeds of chivalry exhibited.