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EXTRACTS ON THE DARK SIDE OF CHIVALRY

'The abstract ideas of chivalry exacted too much of its professors in a semi-civilized age. If the true merit of a knight was cc to fight well, to conduct a troop well, to do his exercise well, to be well armed, to ride his horse well, and to render himself agreeable there, seldom are these qualities in the same person.'" In religious countries chivalry assumed monastic characteristics; among nations of a gay and lively disposition it verged on the voluptuous and licentious. Chivalry in Spain was embittered by a double proportion of intolerant bigotry, owing to their constant and inveterate wars with the Moorish invaders. Science in war slumbered during the feudal period, and in its place were substituted the martial ignorance and arrogance of chivalry. Chivalry is an eternal and immortal and natural instinct, common to all times among civilized races; but the fashion and manner of expressing it changes even as manners and customs change.