THE romance of British history in Borneo commences with the arrival of James Brooke, on board of his armed yacht the Royalist, in the Sarawak River,
in the month of August, 1839. The country at that time was in a terribly disturbed
and anarchical condition. The Sultan of Brunei had entrusted the government of Sarawak to Pangeran Makota, a type of native chief only too common then as now. The cruelties and exactions of this man ended by driving the people of Sarawak into open revolt. The rebellion was secretly nursed by the Sultan of Sambas from across the border, and also by the Dutch, who had the Sultan under their thumb.