13 Pages

African Land and Access Corridors

A land corridor is a means whereby a state obtains access to the sea, a river, lake or an otherwise detached piece of territory. To achieve effective control the state seeking access has to extend its sovereignty over the land corridor by international treaty. Without land corridors of access some states would be land-locked, isolated or without access to a perceived natural artery of communication. A land corridor of access should be, but is not always, capable of carrying a major transport route. The corridor is normally, but not always, long and narrow. It often lies between two or more other sovereign states, though sometimes it divides one other state into two parts. Land corridors of access are manifestations of ‘grand’ geo-politics and the way that they fill the agendas of some modem states demonstrates that that particular art form is not dead despite many obituaries.