One hundred years after the birth of Zionism, and fifty after the creation of the State of Israel, this article examines the domestic and extern al position of Israeli society. It argues that despite huge obstacles, which continue even to this very day, Israel in its first half century has been a major success story. It analyses where these successes have occurred and examines the pressures and strains Israeli society has faced as it has matured. It argues that the major challenge to Israel is not from within but from long-time regional foes in the Arab and Muslim world. However, while acknowledging the benefits accrued to Israel from its relationship with the West, and the United States in particular, it argues that Israel has also had to deal with a spiritual and psychological offensive emanating from Western civilization, which is symbolised by appeasement of the Arab world and which threatens the State of Israel.