28 Pages

Social Welfare Policy in Israel: Developments in the 1980s and 1990s

The politically significant character of all these forms of reducing government involvement is reflected in the structural changes of the government's role in assuring the welfare of the population. The impact of the programmatic changes is particularly evident in the change of orientation from an institutional welfare model to a residual welfare model, as defined by Titmuss and other students of welfare.2 The difference between these two models is that between a universalistic social welfare policy that cares for the entire population and a selective welfare policy that is meant to care for weak and impoverished population groups only.