28 Pages

Housing Policy in Israel: Review, Evaluation and Lessons

In the twentieth century, the role of housing policy as part of domestic public policy differed from country to country, but some lines of similarity can be found among groups of countries, especially among the Western countries versus the ex-communist countries. In most Western countries, the housing policy story began with a series of sanitary regulations intended to prevent the spread of diseases. Later on, housing programmes were used to improve the living conditions of the masses of workers, not of poor households, and to stimulate deteriorated economies. After World War II, general living standards rose, especially among the expanding middle classes. Gradually, housing policies in Western countries focused on supporting disadvantaged populations.1