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Turning Government Hospitals into Trusts: An Assessment of the Israeli Case

This article deals with the evolvement of incorporation policy for public hospitals in Israel, and with the attempt to implement this policy in government-owned hospitals in the course of the 1990s. The incorporation of public hospitals in Israel is one of the two major reforms of the public health services in Israel. The other reform is the one embedded in the National Health Insurance Law, which came into force at the beginning of 1995, and focused on the country's system of community-based health care and the sick funds. The structure of this article is as follows. The first section outlines the general background to the attempted hospital reform. The next section describes the state of the reform in those hospitals that had begun the incorporation process. In the last section, I shall assess the merits of policy alternatives for the continuation of the process.