Water Policy in Israel 1948-2000: Policy Paradigms, Policy Networks and Public Policy
This chapter describes the patterns of development and change in the welfare and social security programmes that shows the contradicting trends that prevailing in Israel's social policies since the early 1980s. The trend towards marginalization is fuelled by two main forces: economic and ideological. The majority of the economic establishment in government, academia and the business sector in Israel accept these claims and demand a reduction in government spending on welfare. The ideological argument is closely linked to the rise of political forces in Israel associated with what is known as neo-conservatism, or the New Right, and the ultra-liberal school in American politics. The dominant trend of contemporary Israeli social policies reflects, however, a desire to break away from the influence of the more solidarity European model of social welfare policies. Maintaining a universal social welfare policy is an essential element in preserving and strengthening the cohesiveness of the Israeli society and protecting its democratic regime.