20 Pages

The Evolvement of Neighbourhood Activism and the Extension of Citizenship Rights

This chapter explores the Israel's housing policy and it evaluates its results in terms of the impact on socio-economic and physical-spatial changes in the country. In the communist countries of Eastern Europe, housing policies took a more central role as carriers of spatial, economic and social development. The construction of industries in new and old regions was co-ordinated with governmental construction of housing and related services. Housing benefits were provided not according to needs of users but rather according to perceived contribution to the public interest of development. Housing policy in Israel, as in most other countries, has encouraged and supported home ownership in the housing market. The government of Israel has always encouraged its citizens especially the new immigrants among them to purchase the housing units they occupy. The chapter deals with the extent of desirable government intervention in the housing market, tenure issues, urban design, and promotion of social integration and prevention of neighbourhood deterioration through housing policies.