Institutionalising the Swiss Welfare State
A 'welfare state' denotes a set of policies and implementing organisations that intervene in society and economy. The aims of intervention include supporting or providing full employment, health services, education, housing and social security. Of special concern are cases where there is serious loss of income due to a person's situation in the labour market, or where wage income is insufficient for subsistence. Prominent examples of intervention are public transfers paid to unemployed, aged and ill persons. These schemes and their administration make up the core of the welfare state. In its narrow sense, 'welfare state' is equated with these particular programmes.