4 Pages


The Swiss system of government is renowned for its high stability which is traditionally related to institutional arrangements such as direct democracy, federalism and proportional representation. A more detailed analysis shows that the unique mix of presidential and parliamentary elements of consensual and competitive processes and of collegial and departmental structures may lead not only to stability but to problems of co-ordination and inefficiency as well. Considering the tensions between the various contradicting principles, basic reforms of the governmental system prove to be most difficult to achieve.