Oslo introduced in the relations between Israel and the Palestinians, namely that differences were to be settled peacefully by way of negotiations, proved totally illusory. In fact, as an immediate result of the signing of the Accords, the intensity of Palestinian violence against Israel dramatically increased in comparison to the era preceding it. The total deprecation of the Jew as such in the Arab and Palestinian thinking and media is not new; it has accompanied the fortunes of the Arab-Israeli conflict since its inception. It has Islamic, anti-Semitic and specific roots which are linked to the immediate grievances of the Palestinians in view of their dispute with Israel. There are two contradictory aspects to the distortions which feed Arab beliefs regarding the Jews and Israel which are discussed in this chapter. For the Arabs, it is always a jihad, a war to the finish, without limits or constraints.