Shifting Boundaries, Clientalism and Balkan Identities
History has always been a target of political exploitation. Two opposed conception of Spanish history confronted one another throughout most of the twentieth century. The way in which the transition to democracy took place encouraged the forgetting of people's most recent past. The France of the Third Republic is the supreme example of the process of constructing a tradition of memory. The use of history has played a fundamental political role here in ideological conflicts, especially in the conflict that arises from the construction of a 'state-centred' national identity. Politics has always been closely bound up with history, which in turn has often been used for political purposes. The use of historiographic revisionism has been evident in the anniversaries enthusiastically supported by the Popular Party government. Nevertheless, in a political context that changed radically as the transition to democracy took place, general views about the history of Spain underwent very significant modifications.