This chapter analyzes the internationalization of the civil war in the former Yugoslavia in 1991 that became a war within and among Yugoslav successor states from the perspective of failed conflict management. A tally shows that internationalization of the economic crisis of post-Tito Yugoslavia should considered among the long-run causes of the sectarian national/ethnic politics that led to the disintegration of Yugoslavia. The crisis within and among Yugoslav successor states is only one symptom of reorientation of the international system. In the context of foreign policy strategies that saw Yugoslavia's multinational society as a springboard for Yugoslav gains in the Balkans and the Middle East, this supported the Bosnian Muslim campaign for national status. German foreign policy ambitions, the European Community's divided agendas, and UN footdragging directly contributed to pushing Bosnia and Herzegovina off the tightrope of negotiated solutions into civil war in 1992.