chapter  11
U.S. Policy Towards Yugoslavia: From Differentiation to Disintegration
Pages 34

Throughout the period of the cold war U.S.-Yugoslav relations were defined within the larger context of East-West relations. Following the Soviet-Yugoslav break in 1948, the United States supported Yugoslavia’s assertion of political independence from the USSR, as well as Yugoslavia’s right to preserve its territorial integrity and its non-aligned foreign policy. It was within this framework that U.S. policy toward Yugoslavia was formulated from 1949 until 1990, regardless of which political party controlled the White House.4 U.S. foreign policy toward Yugoslavia, which was both pragmatic and influenced by considerations of realpolitik, reflected a desire to differentiate the nature of U.S. relations with various states of Eastern Europe and to accommodate foreign policy making to the conditions of a bipolar division of Europe. While ‘differentiation’ would not be explicitly stated as the strategic underpinning of U.S. policy in Eastern Europe until the Johnson Administration, it did in fact inform U.S. policy toward Yugoslavia from 1949 to 1990.