This chapter describes some of the changes that are emerging in higher education, and focuses on the shifting nature of government-university relationships and some of its consequences for management and governance at the establishment level. The govenrmental rationale is that attention to educational quality has become the main objective for public policies. The economic crisis and the government policies aimed at opening the economy and restricting the role of the public sector meant that funding for universities between 1983 and 1989 was severely restricted. Since autonomy is a jealously guarded value in public universities and is protected by the Constitution, federal policy makers have been careful not to talk about impinging on autonomy. Policy makers have insisted that universities develop more efficient management and strategic decision making systems based on the use of systematic information. Several institutions have modified their internal governance structures, reducing the influence of students and increasing that of academics and administrators.