chapter  5
19 Pages

Work Roles and Norms for Teachers in Japan and the United States

The dramatic rise of Japan as a strong economic power in the 1970s, coupled with consistent reports of the superior performance of Japanese students, has drawn much attention in the United States to the Japanese educational system (Vogel, 1979). Compared with American students , Japanese students register a level of cognitive achievement that is higher on the average and lower in variance (Cummings, 1980; Rohlen, 1983; Stevenson and Stigler, 1992). Some analysts have claimed that the challenge to industrial America lies primarily in the Japanese classroom rather than in the factory (Duke, 1986).