J Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857). SECTION 1. Neither slavery qqr involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for
person of life, liberty, or property "without due process of law," and it vests in Congress an ample power to enforce these protections.5 The last-the fifteenth amendment-is more limited: it more explicitly protects the right to vote from abridgment "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude," again concluding with a section vesting in Congress ample power to vindicate that protection.' The extent to which these three amendments enacted a color-blind restriction on the recurring temptation of government to regulate or allocate by race, however, was a question plainly not settled between 1866 and 1870. It remains unsettled even now.