chapter  8
12 Pages

Managing Employees

Contrary to claims that women lead and manage in a different way than males (Helgesen, 1989; Godfrey, 1992; Rosener, 1990), a number of social psychologists have established that women and men do not differ in their leadership styles, which are structured by managerial work roles (Eagly and Johnson, 1990). But in laboratory experiments in which individuals act upon their beliefs rather than real role demands, and in assessment studies of individuals who are not being considered for leadership in management roles, participants confirmed gender stereotypical behavior (Eagly and Johnson, 1990). While women employers confront the same problems that any employer would face, they sometimes stereotype their own behavior, "women's" behavior," or refer to cultural frameworks that use the "family" as a source of role models. Deeply held ideological beliefs about differences between men and women can shape individual narratives and selfreports.