chapter  3
14 Pages

Work Experiences As Knowledge and Motivation

How did the prior work experience of white collar, middle-class women support their emergence as independent owners? When thinking about this process, it is important to consider that work is an ongoing process of gaining knowledge and interacting with others in business settings. Instead of a fixed set of skills tied to a job description that is plugged into an organizational structure in a prescribed way, skills are a variable collection of adaptable experiences that can be utilized in a range of business settings outside the one in which they are learned. The entrepreneurial strategy is an attempt by women in suburban New Jersey to control

TABLE 5. PRIOR WORK EXPERIENCE, U.S. & STUDY TYPES OF 87' U.S. STUDY PRIOR WORK (N=6 mil.) (N=35) MANAGERIAL/EXECUTIVE 13.4% 43% (15) WHITE COLLAR/SUPERVISOR 11% 09% (3) WHITE COLLARINON-SUPER 23% 26% (9) BLUE COLLAR SUPERVISOR 06% 02% (1) BLUE COLLARINON-SUPER 16% 08% (3) OTHER (STUDENT, HW) 11.4% 11% (4) NOT REPORTED 06% 0 NOT APPLICABLE 13% 0%

U.S. Department of Commerce, 1992. N of companies with paid employees=1,656,575; women's share was 426,681. N of employ-

ees=62,951,041; women's share=6,965,037.