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Table 5.3: First occupational placing of EVWs

Industry Men Women Ukrainian (Westward Ho!) (Balt Cygnets prisoners

and W Ho!) of war

Agriculture 29,554 65 6,257 Army and Air force depots 1,603 – 1,347 Boot and shoe manufacture 11 63 – Brick and allied industries 2,729 2 – Cement 262 – – Clay pits 57 Clothing wholesale 4 57 Coal mining 10,968 Cotton 1,083 7,564 Domestic service: Hospitals 109 3,782 Domestic service: National Service Hostels Corp 1,458 919 Domestic service: others 3,589 2,058 Flax processing/spinning/ weaving 57 13 Gas industry 60 Gypsum mining 49 Hosiery 24 265 Hydro-electric scheme 250 Iron and steel industry 1,355 1 Jute 18 175 Laundries 2 389 Narrow fabrics (Leek) 18 Nursing 169 425 Pottery 137 31 Quarrying 708 Rayon 554 1,000 Refractories 98 Textile finishing 17 8 Timber production 107 Wool 1,113 3,173 Miscellaneous 885 58

Total 57,030 20,066 8,114

It proved more difficult than expected to recruit women under the expanded scheme, in part because by 1948 other countries had started recruitment and so potential applicants had a greater choice of potential destinations: the Cook’s option described by Hulme.