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Plate 8.1 Latvian singers in national dress

Through these communal activities the exiles were able to meet potential partners. Later, from about the mid-1950s onwards, they became an important part of socialising for their children, making them aware of the importance of their national origins and Latvian customs. For Latvian children growing up in Britain, summer camps, Sunday schools and language classes became a central part of constructing and maintaining community ties. Vida Skultans (2003) recalls that, as a Latvian child in London in the early 1950s, this entailed laborious journeys across the city to connect the pockets of Latvian activity.