chapter  4
22 Pages

Approaches to Reading and Studying

The preceding chapter was included to show how ideas about study methods and thinking have been discussed by philosophers and early psychologists, predominantly using methods of introspection. Many of these ideas have been of seminal importance in affecting subsequent developments in psychology, but are rarely mentioned today. From time to time it will be helpful to refer back to these early ideas, but the next two sections of the book will concentrate on recent evidence on learning derived by the use of the empirical research methods described in Chapter 2.