Peer/Parent Tutoring − Is it Effective?
In the 1500s, Sturm and Trotzendorf used peer tutors. Sturm did not record why he used them but Trotzendorf wrote that he taught the older pupils who then taught the younger ones because it was too expensive to employ more teachers. Towards the end of the eighteenth century, Andrew Bell made systematic use of peer tutors and saw the psychological benefits of involving pupils more deeply in their learning. In 1801, Joseph Lancaster taught 350 boys in streamed classes using monitors to supervise the peer tutoring of these classes, discovering that both pupils and teacher benefited from this approach (Alder, 1989). Again, this was necessary because it was not possible to employ enough teachers (Allen, 1976).