chapter  4
16 Pages

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder − Is it a Distinct Disorder and a Useful Concept?

Research into Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has expanded over the last 20 years and it has become one of the most studied and most well known of the childhood psychiatric disorders. Increasingly it is recognised as a serious, developmentally disabling and prevalent condition which affects individuals in childhood and often through into adult life. ADHD, however, is a complex disorder and, despite the attention it has received more recently, many controversial issues still surround it. The discussion here focuses on whether ADHD can be regarded as a distinct disorder and whether it is a useful concept for professionals faced with helping children who show the behavioural symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattentiveness.