Kenya: NGO Coordination During the Somali Refugee Crisis, 1990-93
The Somali refugee emergency began in 1990. Prior to this, Kenya hosted a refugee population of about some 15,000. The number rose dramatically during the emergency to an estimated (and contested) 360,000-700,000 people at the height of the inflow (UNHCR, 1992) Although a proportion of these people were individual asylum seekers from a number of other African states, the largest number were Somalis. They were assigned refugee status on the basis of group determination criteria as provided for by Article 1 (2) of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa (OAU, 1969).