chapter  11
19 Pages

The Imperial House Law and its Meaning for the Position of the Tennō in the Meiji State

This chapter focuses on the British perceptions and reactions to Douglas MacArthur's leadership. It pursued under the headings of the political, social, economic, and strategic themes of the occupation. His political sympathies within American domestic politics were located in the right wing of the Republican Party and MacArthur was idiosyncratic. British officials welcomed MacArthur drive for democratization but were less sanguine than he was as to longer-term prospects. MacArthur adopted a policy of cracking down on militant unions and was subject to criticism from some in the United States for being soft on communism. MacArthur followed an enlightened policy towards the status and role of women in Japanese society. He attached importance to this in his memoirs. This is seen in the light of his determination to eliminate militarism: greater influence for women could moderate the macho characteristics of Japanese society.