The Leadership of Admiral Katō Tomosaburō
This chapter examines what national aspirations the Japanese press projected as symbolized in the image of the Emperor Shwa in 1945-1960, the years following the Second World War in the period of occupation and reconstruction. The sources employed for this are the issues of the English-language newspapers The Japan Times and The Mainichi and the Japanese-language Asahi Shimbun, Mainichi Shimbun and Yomiuri Shimbun published on the Emperor's birthday, 29 April, and Kigensetsu, 11 February. When the Second World War ended in unconditional surrender for Japan this brought a fundamental change in the position of the Emperor. The Emperor was a symbol of the unity of the state and the nation, accorded this position by the free will of the people, who exercised supreme power. During the later part of the occupation the image of the Emperor conveyed by the press was both very neutral and highly consistent.