The Samurai: Legend and Reality
Each of these conceptions emerges, with a somewhat disturbing regularity, about one thousand years after a civilisation has risen from the level of tribal life. Its emergence marks the moment reached by a civilisation that has passed through the phases of archaic kingdom, hierocratic empire, and individualising urban life and is about to enter the stage of the secular territorial state. In this process the figures of the ruler, the warrior, the priest, the peasant, the artisan, have been differentiated from the stock of tribal communities with their scant and simple stratifications. To each of those types belongs a certain set of functions and privileges, of traditions and codes, within the broader sphere of social morality and institutional religion common to all.