chapter  8
13 Pages

Renewable energy technologies for developing countries

As has been mentioned, for Europe to increase its use of renewable energy, the key issues relate to making these technologies cost competitive and integrating them into the energy system. But, for more than 2 billion people living in rural areas and villages in the world's developing countries, the situation is rather different. These people have no access to electricity, and the distribution chain for liquid fuels is very limited. In some countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa, women and children spend many hours each day collecting wood or dung to use as cooking fuel, but production, collection and use are very inefficient. Kerosene and candles are used extensively for lighting. The real cost of these is extremely high, but there are no alternatives.