Chapter 2: The Structure ofDeceit: A Theoryof Cheating
Cheating is a subtype of deception, the six categories are apply. The six basic ways of cheating are three hiding variants and three showing ones. The basic purpose of hiding is to screen or cloak a person, place, thing, direction, or time by a variety of means that range from the simple to the complex. The advantage falls to the cheater because the cheated person misperceives what is assumed to be the real world. This is psychological cheating, creating a misperception; but long before there were Indians or men at all who could consciously adjust the appearance of reality to their own advantage, nature had fashioned physical distortions to the advantage of various species. Yet matters are more complex as there are two broad categories in the structure of deceit, hiding the real and showing the false. Showing complements hiding, and, like hiding, can be divided into three distinct parts: mimicking, inventing, and decoying.