Booker T. Washington wrote that in his experience and to his knowledge, the condition of certain workers in Europe was worse than the condition of life for most American blacks, and he gives many examples. Robert Ezra Park, eight years Booker T. Washington's junior, lived a life not unlike W. E. B. Du Bois' who worked when young as a miner in West Virginia. Booker Taliaferro Washington remains famous through his autobiographies for being born into slavery in 1856, miraculously achieving international celebrity as a champion of the oppressed. There is a great deal to be learned from this forgotten study, some of it startlingly contemporary. For instance, Washington noted on several occasions that "the man farthest down in Europe is woman", whom he observed doing physically demanding work with small reward, in addition to carrying grueling family responsibilities. West's work is more theoretical and rhetorical than historical except in the broadest sense, and there is no reference to Washington.