The absence of any attempt to create new and valid cult patterns, and the bankruptcy of iconology show people that any hopes of development are very distant indeed. People are almost driven to the conclusion that before anything of the kind could happen it would have to be preceded by something else. One possibility is implicit in the fact that the transformation of architecture into engineering construction has withdrawn most of the provinces of building from art proper altogether. This has left the architect his old original sphere, so that the field is once more free for him for church, monument and memorial building. In the field of painting and sculpture, fields in which at the moment the lack of clear themes causes the artist's imagination to be both arbitrary and erratic, new tasks of the kind that present themselves in the natural course of events can only come from one source.