chapter  IX
Internationalism — Pacifism — Militarism
ByCharler Merriam, Sidney A. Pearson
Pages 19

Labor and Capital both looked closely toward internationalism, but the democracy as a whole was indifferent and unprepared. Considerations taken from biology, psychology, economics, ethnology, sanitation, industrialism and internationalism were now made parts of the case against war. The swift growth of industrialism tended to drive into the background the militaristic tendencies of men, and labor became increasingly jealous of the use of military force in industrial conflicts. Colonel Roosevelt emphasized the importance of military and particularly of naval preparation throughout his public career. The policy of the national government was definitely directed toward the ultimate elimination of the military activities of the state, or toward any present step that seemed to lead in that direction. Specific losses from disease were brought into clearer relief than before, and the general laxity of conditions accompanying the military process. The new pacificism was entitled "inductive or practical" in contrast to the early type termed "deductive" or "idealist".