The auditory-imagery aspects of speech and language have been addressed very comprehensively, as has the role of auditory imagery in virtually every kind of music. Specialized anatomical structures for the processing of auditory images are of course known to exist, primarily in the temporal lobe in humans, just as specialized structures for the processing of visual information and verbal material also exist. Auditory and visual imagery do have similarities, in that both reflect quasi-perceptual experiences of external stimuli. The category superiority effect (CSE) framework provided a way to determine whether or not auditory images actually have an intermediate character, partway between the visual and verbal ends of the processing continuum. Verbal material may therefore provide relational information to shore up or support diminished visual spatial abilities. Significant primacy effects are created, however, when either auditory or verbal materials are used in the absence of pictorial stimuli, indicating shared characteristics between the auditory and verbal realm.