A History of Vocal Pedagogy
This chapter provides the general history material which will exemplify the historical roots and variety of pedagogical methods. Eighteenth century vocal pedagogy became the cornerstone for vocal technique, and much of today's international historic Italianate teaching of singing is based on this. Thus far information on vocal pedagogical method has been scanty, but in the century currently under review there is a proliferation of writing in the field. Julius Stockhausen was a pioneer in the linguistic approach to vocal pedagogy. Richard Miller's eminence as a vocal pedagogue is securely rooted in considerable performance experience, masterly teaching and extensive scientific research. It is important for singing teachers to be aware of the divergences in national vocal pedagogies in order that they can pass soundly based judgments upon them, and defend their own tonal preferences. In the nineteenth century teachers absorbed and mixed aspects of different methods and twentieth century teaching is mainly an extension of the same.