Voice teachers should be encouraged to realize that some understanding of the history of vocal pedagogy and its traditions and legacies is an important part of their equipment. In exploring the scientific and medical aspects of the history of vocal pedagogy, this chapter shows that while some things have changed, others have not, and yet others have developed from very sound scientific roots. The special perspectives and skills of the otolaryngologist, speech-language therapist, voice scientist, nurse and singing teacher are complementary and necessary for the successful rehabilitation of the singer. The chapter focuses on the broad scope of the education of the singer and singing teacher. It is vital that singers and voice teachers continue to study: new discoveries are frequently reported in the professional journals, in new books, and in papers presented at conferences. The benefits of constant study and practice in one's own performing and in one's own teaching will increasingly be manifest.