This chapter focuses on court administration. It has been instructive at points to note the overlap between court and judicial administration, however, because the overlap helps to distinguish the areas of particular judicial concern and responsibility versus the concerns and responsibilities of a court's administrative leadership. Court administrators can inform the debate and should not sit on the sidelines as mere observers. They can explain the differing administrative and fiscal implications of various choices, both pro and con, along with the intangible consequences. A critically needed change in many courts is for judges to change their views about the court administrator and senior managers and the scope the administrative team will have to be administrators. The Hierarchy of Court Administration creates a new vocabulary and introduces new ways to look at old concepts. In the 21st century, courts have to end the use of inputs in the dialogue with both the other branches and the general citizenry.