chapter  2
An Historical Context
Pages 14

Discussions of modern judicial administration efforts always start with Dean Roscoe Pound's 1906 address to the American Bar Association (ABA) titled, "The Causes of Popular Dissatisfaction with the Administration of Justice". Arthur Vanderbilt deserves note both for his inspired guidance of the ABA's early efforts at judicial administration reform and for his unique, seminal step for court administration as a Chief Justice. The infusion of federal funds to state courts was a key ingredient in the substantial progress in judicial and court administration reform in the 1970s and 1980s. The availability of federal funds initially was a consequence of the "war on crime" started by President Richard Nixon in the late 1960s. The key federal agencies –although certainly not the only ones –have been the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, followed by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and the State Justice Institute.