Cognitive ergonomics in the design and evaluation of web and other computing systems
Cognitive ergonomics has matured and reached a level of specialisation that may be called a separate discipline within the broad branch area of human factors and ergonomics. This is analogous to the evolution of the specialisations in the fields of medicine and engineering, where first there were general practitioners and general engineers and subsequently they reached specialisations such as Industrial Engineers and Paediatricians. Similarly, in the early stages of the human factors and ergonomics, specialists in the field dealt with the broad spectrum of the subject matters of the discipline. As the discipline developed and broadened, it is no longer possible for one individual to be an expert in the broad range in the human factors and ergonomics area. Hence, the discipline of cognitive ergonomics emerged both as a specialisation in the field of human factors and ergonomics, and also because with the increased complexity of the working environment, the evolution in information technology and the increased complexity of machinery all require more and more demand on the cognitive processes of the human. This is evident by the fact that a. separate organisation, The European Cognitive Ergonomics Society, has been established now for a number of years. In America, the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society has a special technical division dedicated to the area of cognitive ergonomics. For the past two years the International Journal of Cognitive Ergonomics has been published.