On the basis of the last five chapters, this chapter attempts to conceptualize the marriage of women with disabilities in rural China with a core concept ‘compensating for disability identity’. This chapter begins with the representation of the village context which makes this compensating process possible and then proceeds to illustrate the basic process of how women compensate for their disability identity in rural China. Mate selection in its nature is a preparatory stage for the process of lifting the imbalance resulting from women’s disabilities. After marriages, women with disabilities obtain opportunities to compensate for their disability identity by bearing children, taking multiple roles and demonstrating their capacities. The maiden families perform as a pedestal to provide sustainable support for women with disabilities during the whole process. Finally, the outcomes of the compensating process are reported, including surviving, negotiating, normalizing and transcending.